英语四六级剖析词汇T1

2022-03-28

本文摘要:table [ˈteib(ə)l] n. ①桌子;表格;目录②在座的人The whole table heard what he said. 在座的人都听到了他说的话。【习习用语】under the table 私下买通;行贿The businessmen offered me £500 under the table if I would vote against the governments plans. 如果我对政府的计划投阻挡票,商人们会行贿我500英镑。

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table [ˈteib(ə)l] n. ①桌子;表格;目录②在座的人The whole table heard what he said. 在座的人都听到了他说的话。【习习用语】under the table 私下买通;行贿The businessmen offered me £500 under the table if I would vote against the government's plans. 如果我对政府的计划投阻挡票,商人们会行贿我500英镑。tablet [ˈtæblit] n. ①药片;碑,匾②小块肥皂I bought a tablet of soap. 我买了一块肥皂。tactics [ˈtæktiks] n. ①(pl.)战术,兵法②(pl.)手段,计谋tail [teil] n. ①尾巴;尾部②尾状物③硬币反面Heads or tails? 你猜正面还是反面?tailor [ˈteilə(r)] n. 成衣vt. 裁制(衣服)【习习用语】①ride like a tailor 不善骑马②The tailor makes the man. [谚]佛靠金装,人靠衣裳;人在衣装马在鞍。

③the three tailors of Tooley Street 自称代表人民的一小撮人take [teik] v. ①拿,取,带;吃,喝,服;需要,花费;接受,接纳②获得;获得take(the) first place 获第一名③购置We take two newspapers a day. 我们天天买两份报纸。【习习用语】take to one's heels(=take to one's legs) 仓皇逃跑tale [teil] n. 故事,传说tame [teim] a. 驯服的;乏味的tan [tæn] vt. 使酿成褐色n. 日晒后的肤色,棕色,晒红的颜色a. 棕色的,晒黑的tangle [ˈtæŋɡ(ə)l] v. ①(线团等)缠结②杂乱tanker [ˈtæŋkə(r)] n. 油船tap [tæp] vt. ①轻叩,轻拍②开发,使用n. 塞子,龙头tape [teip] n. ①带子;磁带②(=tape recording)磁带录音tar [tɑː(r)] n. 柏油,焦油vt. 涂焦油(或柏油)于target [ˈtɑːɡit] n. 目的,工具,靶子tariff [ˈtærif] n. 关税,关税表,税则,(旅馆,饭馆等的)价目表、价钱表vt. 课以关税taxi [ˈtæksi] n. 出租汽车tease [tiːz] vt. /n. ①取笑,戏弄②嘲弄technical [ˈteknik(ə)l] a. 技术的;工艺的;专门性的technician [tekˈniʃ(ə)n] n. 技术员technique [tekˈniːk] n. 技术;手艺【长难例句】Declaring that he was opposed to using this unusual animal husbandry technique to clone humans, he ordered that federal funds not be used for such an experiment—although no one had proposed to do so—and asked an independent panel of experts haired by Princeton President Harold Shapiro to report back to the White House in 90 days with recommendations for a national policy on human cloning. 他宣布自己阻挡使用这种非同寻常的畜牧繁殖技术来克隆人类,并下令禁绝联邦政府基金用于做此类试验——只管还没有人建议这么做——他还请一个以普林斯顿大学校长哈罗得·夏皮罗为首的独立的专家组在90天内向白宫汇报关于制定有关克隆人的国家政策的建议。【词义辨析】technique和technology这两个词均可作“技术”解,technique指详细的某种技术或技巧,尤指音乐、体育、工艺美术等方面;technology泛指生产工艺、科学研究等方面的技术。

technology [tekˈnɔlədʒi] n. 技术;工艺;工艺学【长难例句1】 An increasing proportion of our population, unable to live without advanced medical intervention, will become progressively more reliant on expensive technology. 越来越多的人逐渐变得越来越离不开昂贵的医疗技术了,因为他们没有先进的医疗条件的介入就无法生存。【长难例句2】In Australia—where an aging population, life extending technology and changing community attitudes have all played their part—other states are going to consider making a similar law to deal with euthanasia. 在澳大利亚——人口老龄化延长寿命的技术和变化着的社会态度,这些因素都在发挥作用——其他的州也会思量制定相似的关于安乐死的执法。tedious [ˈtiːdiəs] a. 乏味的,冗长的With an eighty-hour week and little enjoyment, life must have been very____for the nineteenth-century factory workers.A. hostileB. tediousC. anxiousD. obscure【谜底】B. tedious a. 乏味的,单调的,冗长的。

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hostile(to) a. 敌对的,不友善的。anxious a. 焦虑的,发愁的;急切的,盼望的。obscure a. 模糊不清的;费解的;不着名的,不重要的。

telegram [ˈteliɡræm] n. 电报;电信;电文telegraph [ˈteliɡrɑːf] n. 电报机v. 打电报(wire)temper [ˈtempə(r)] n. ①性情;脾气②闹情绪He's in a temper today. 他今天在闹情绪。vt. 使缓和,①fly into a temper(=get into a temper)勃然震怒②keep one's temper 忍住气;不生机③lose one's temper 生机;生气temperament [ˈtempərəmənt] n. 气质,性情,性格temperature [ˈtempritʃə(r)] n. 温度,体温;发烧【习习用语】①have a temperature(=run a temperature) 发烧②take sb's temperature 量(某人的)体温tempo [ˈtempəu] n. (音乐)速度、拍子,生长速度temporary [ˈtempərəri;(US)-pəreri] a. 暂时的,暂时的tempt [tempt] vt. 吸引;引诱,诱惑【习习用语】tempt providence 冒大险temptation [tempˈteiʃ(ə)n] n. ①引诱,诱惑②诱惑物;迷人之物the temptations of a big city 大都会的种种诱惑【习习用语】①fall into [give way to, yield to] temptation 受诱惑②lead (sb) into temptation 使人入迷【试题精练】The little boy couldn't resist the ____to take the money on the table.A. callB. desireC. temptationD. distraction【谜底】C. temptation n. 诱惑(力),引诱;有诱惑力的工具(如cannot resist/overcome the temptation to+动词原形;It's a great temptation for a young man to be surrounded by pretty women. There are many temptations in life.)。call n. 呼叫,喊叫;会见。desire(for) n. 愿望,欲望。

distraction n. 滋扰,疏散注意力的工具。tenant [ˈtenənt] n. ①承租人,房客,占用者tender [ˈtendə(r)] a. 温柔的;体贴的;脆嫩的term [təːm] n. 学期,期限,期间,条款,条件,术语terminale [ˈtəːmin(ə)l] n. 终点站,终端,接线端a. 末期,每期的,每学期的terminate [ˈtəːmineit] v. 停止,竣事,终止terrible [ˈterəbl] a. 恐怖的;糟透的;很是的【词义辨析】terrific和terrible这两个词都有“恐怖的”,“骇人的”之意。terrific常表示积贮的能量突然释放或情感的突然迸发而发生令人恐惧的效果。terrible指物(一般不用于人)使人畏惧,其表现的恐惧水平弱于terrific。

terrify [ˈterifai] vt. 吓唬,惊吓territory [ˈteritəri;(US)-tɔːri] n. ①领土;领域②规模;管区Wild animals will not allow other animals to enter their territory. 野生动物不许其他动物进入它们的领地。【习习用语】①Indian Territory 印第安人保留地②trust territory(团结国)托管地域,托管领土③take in too much territory 走极端;说得太过;牵涉过多testify [ˈtestifai] v. ①证实,作证②证明,讲明testimony [ˈtestiməni] n. ①证言②陈述,声明texture [ˈtekstʃə(r)] n. ①质地②(质料等)结构③结构;组织textile [ˈtekstail] a. 纺织的n. 纺织品therapy [ˈθerəpi] n. 诊疗,理疗He is having thermal____for his sore shoulder.A. therapyB. cureC. remedyD. recipe【谜底】A. therapy n. 疗法,治疗;理疗。cure(for) n. 疗法;治疗,治愈;药。remedy n. 调停措施;治疗措施;药品。

recipe n. 食谱,烹饪法;诀窍,方法。therefore [ˈðɛəfɔː(r)] ad. 因此,所以【词义辨析】therefore, hence, consequently和accordinglytherefore:意为“为此,因此”,表现后部门是前面部门的一定效果或推论,而且注重结论。hence:意为“因此,所以”,有时可以同therefore交换,也讲明后面所讲的事是前面事情的一定效果,但更强调前一部门即原因的重要性。

consequently:意为“因而,因此”,只管也常用于引导推论,但这推论纷歧定总是一定的,而只是表现有充实的理由或很强的可能性做出这个推论。accordingly:意为“所以,于是”,通常表现一种自然而然的或平常的逻辑因果关系而不表现这种关系的一定性。thermal [ˈθəːm(ə)l] a. 热的,热量的thermometer [θəˈmɔmitə(r)] n. 温度计;寒暑表thesis [ˈθiːsis] n. 论文thigh [θai] n. 大腿,股thorn [θɔːn] n. 刺,棘thorough [ˈθʌrə;(US)ˈθʌrəu] a. 彻底的,完全的;经心的The mechanic examined the car engine____but could find nothing wrong with it.A. throughoutB. exactlyC. thoroughlyD. suitably【谜底】C. thoroughly ad. 彻底地,仔细地。

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throughout ad. 随处,自始至终,贯串全部地。exactly ad. 确切地,准确地。

suitably ad. 合适地。thread [θred] vt. 穿线;穿过threshold [ˈθreʃəuld] n. ①起点,开端②门槛③门口thrift [θrift] n. ①节约,节俭②〈植〉海石竹,滨簪花thrill [θril] n. ①一阵激动(恐惧)②使人激动或毛骨悚然之物v. 激动,(使)毛骨悚然thrive [θraiv] vi. ①兴旺,繁荣②茁壮发展throat [θrəut] n. 咽喉,嗓子,喉头【习习用语】①a throat of brass 响亮的或尖锐的嗓音②catch [have, hold, seize, take] by the throat 扼住咽喉 ③cram [force, ram, shove, thrust] down sb's throat 强迫某人接受(意见、看法等);重复向某人贯注(某事)throne [θrəun] n. 王座,君主through [θruː] prep. 通过,穿过;因为【试题精练】It was the people's courage that brought them____the war.A. overB. aboutC. throughD. out【谜底】C. bring sb through(a crisis) 使解围,使渡过(危机),使脱离(危险)(bring sb through a serious illness/a crisis/the war)。bring sb over(to our opinion) 使改变看法。bring about sth 引起,导致,实现,造成(不能说bring sb about)。

bring out 使显出;出书,推出。throughout [θruːˈaut] prep. 广泛,贯串A person's calorie requirements vary ____his life.A. overB. acrossC. withinD. throughout【谜底】D. throughout prep. 广泛,贯串(全历程),自始至终,重新至尾(不与其他三个搭配)。

thrust [θrʌst] vt. ①刺②用力推(压),冲,插入thumb [θʌm] n. ①拇指②手套的拇指【习习用语】①stick out like a sore thumb 惹人注目;碍手碍脚②under sb's thumb 受他人的压制;受他人的支配;被人牵着鼻子走tick [tik] n. ①(钟表等的)滴答声②钩ticket [ˈtikit] n. ①票,入场券;罚款传票②(货物上的)标签,标价牌③(前面与the连用)合适的工具。


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